01 The business difficulties under trade barriers are well known that China’s photovoltaic industry is huge and is the world’s most important PV product exporter. Changes in tariff policies of all countries, the establishment of domestic trade protection policies, the impact of the export of photovoltaic products in China cannot be underestimated. Taking the photovoltaic commodity exported to the United States as an example, when domestic suppliers thought that the US government announced that the US government announced the global protection measures (201 measures) on February 4. Let us call the time, May 17, 2017, the US government launched a global survey of imported crystal silicon solar cells and components. Furthermore, on January 22, 2018, the United States levied global security tariffs on imported solar panels. Take the United States as an example, the reason, the Trade War is an unable topic. The trade friction between China and the United States directly affects the tariff of import and export commodities. For example, in March 2018, the United States proposed that China’s import commodities were collected from 50 billion to $ 60 billion in new tariffs. In April, a list of approximately 1300 Chinese merchandise is announced, saying that 25% of these products may be levied. On June 18, US President Trump threatens more tariffs for Chinese products worth $ 200 billion. On September 18, the same year, China and the United States announced that the third round of mutual collection tariffs. China’s offensive for the United States also made a corresponding sanctions. However, in many rounds, the global economy has become the largest loser. The photovoltaic industry designed to be exported to the United States has also been hit by a certain degree. On the other hand, the United States is Ren President Trump proposes the \”US First\” concept, pursues isolationism, which will restore the manufacturing industry in the United States. Trump will return to the manufacturing industry as one of its six major jobs, will \”buy American goods, employ American workers\” as its economic strategy principle. Moreover, the Trump government puts forward with China’s \”detachment\” and launches relevant financial and taxation policies, requiring US companies to return to China. Thus all kinds of trade protection, give a hitting of suppliers who want to export the United States. Given the huge native market, and the United States is also trying to develop clean energy. For domestic manufacturers, it should be a good export dumping country. However, due to the above reasons, it is impossible to be a major lack for export-oriented photovoltaic companies, especially small and medium-sized enterprises. What sags in the snow is that in 2021, the price of goods in the whole industry chain has soared, and the freight of the sea has soared. Many SMEs have difficulty operating. Among this trend of this kind of hitting, the export-oriented SMEs need to seek ways. 02 The many possibilities under the trade dilemma are actively broadening a variety of overseas markets, despite many trade barriers, but in a big trend in the global development of clean energy, the author believes that there is no need to excessive the future of export-oriented central enterprises. pessimistic. Let us first look at a group of data, from the export of photovoltaic products in 2021, my country’s PV product exports are approximately $ 23.1 billion, an increase of 44.6% year-on-year; 82.2GW of photovoltaic components is 82.2% year-on-year; PV module exports 198For. 3.0 million US dollars, a year-on-year increase of 44.8%. Traditional European, Japan, Australia and other traditional photovoltaic markets maintain strong demand, Pakistan, Greece and other emerging markets continue to emerge, and the GW market has developed from 11 in 2018 to 20. Wang Bohua, the honorary chairman of the China Poetry Industry Association. A group of data from 2020 is shown that in the distribution of export markets, the top ten overseas markets have mainly Netherlands, Vietnam, Japan, India, Australia, Brazil, etc., the total export amount is about the total export amount 2 / 3 or more. Among them, China’s photovoltaic module exports in the European market in the European market, reaching 29GW, greatly increased by 27%; export Vietnam realized double-growth growth, with a number of exceeding 11GW. From these two groups of data, the market is still huge for exported photovoltaic companies. Although in February this year, new trade barriers have also appeared in India. In a letter submitted to the Minister of Indian New Energy and Renewable Energy, the Indian National Solar Federation provides a strong proof of delaying photovoltaic developers for new crown epidemic, and points out that these photovoltaic projects may face enforcement. Basic tariffs. However, the remaining market is still in a relatively open environment. For many SMEs, actively adjust their export strategy, change their business routes, and broaden new overseas markets, and improve their ability to respond to trade barriers. . In particular, the Western European market and the Southeast Asian market, with the deep way in China, through land transportation, it can also avoid the risk of marine prices. How to continue to open up the US market, despite this, in the face of the huge market, it is easy to give up. Improve the US market, for SMEs, is it a heavens, or still track? Let us return to the timeline of the China-US trade war, seek answers. In 2018, G20, China, the United States, the summit reached a consensus. Conclude the 90-day breakdown agreement. The US will call up to 10% of Chinese products worth $ 200 billion. And a 2020 report, in the trade war process, the trade deficit of the United States and China has once a slightly reduced, but the overall trade deficit has risen 22.8% in 2016 to 2019, the reason behind China is, China lost Multinational corporation orders have not returned to the United States, just turning from third countries. In addition, the trigger of the 2011 winter new crown black swan events caused the US large-scale downtime to stop production, and the manufacturing industry contigs. The US Department of Commerce Data shows that in the first quarter of 2020, US GDP (GDP) fell 5% year-on-year rate, down 0.2 percentage points higher than the initial data, and the largest quarterly decline since the most serious period of the international financial crisis. In summary, although the United States strongly wants to ensure the resumption of local industries, excessive single-sided unilateralism is unable to grow in the trend of the local industry. And for export-oriented small and medium-sized, want to export the United States, need a keenPolitical smell, always pay attention to the development of Sino-US, whether to develop its own business to maximize the development of its business to maximize new risks that may arise in future trade wars.03 Conclusion The high establishment of trade barriers has indeed impact on the operation of export-oriented small and medium-sized photovoltaic enterprises.However, in the global market to a good environment, if companies can adjust their experience strategies, truse, and invest efforts in technology innovation, they must cope with the challenges of the sea.
Trade barriers – Export-oriented SME PV products are in the crisis and challenges of the sea